Yellow Sticky fly paper. Whitefly Insecticide Recipe You can mix up a simple recipe for an insecticide spray for whiteflies right in your kitchen. During these critical periods, check fields twice weekly. The wasp larva develops inside the nymph, eventually killing it. The spread of this virus in the state is a major threat to tomato production. Allow the maximum time between harvest and subsequent planting of sweetpotato whitefly host crops. Repeated tank mixes of this product with orthene may cause leafminer outbreaks. Inspect the underside of tomato leaves for whiteflies or their nymphs, which resemble small white pods, before purchasing transplants. Some pesticides are available for whitefly control, but they also kill beneficial insects, such as ladybugs, that feed upon whiteflies. A perennial plague in home gardens, whiteflies like to cluster on the underside of leaves to pierce and sap the juices out of your plants. Until 1986, the primary pest species of whitefly was the greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum. Harrington's specialties include small business information, crafting, decorating and gardening. It can be used in conjunction with copper spray to control the sooty mould. Whiteflies ("whitefly" or "white fly") are common pests of indoor crops, greenhouses and tomatoes. Use only virus-free tomato transplants grown and shipped from the Imperial Valley, which are monitored by CDFA and the county agricultural commissioner's office. Prompt control prevents severe damage, so the tomatoes can grow and ripen normally. The predaceous mite Amblyseius swirskii is widely used to control whiteflies in non-tomato crops, while in tomato, the parasit… Old plant debris provides a breeding ground for whiteflies. Bandedwinged whiteflies, Trialeurodes abutilonia, have grayish or brownish bands across their wings. Spray infested tomato plants with insecticidal soap, concentrating the spray on the underside of the leaves where whiteflies congregate and breed. For tank mixes, observe all directions for use on all labels, and employ the most restrictive limits and precautions. The tiny, elongated eggs hatch into a first instar nymphal stage that has legs and antennae and is mobile; first instar nymphs are commonly referred to as "crawlers". Whiteflies on Tomatoes – When you grow your own vegetable garden, you have to face the inevitable task of pest control.Plants are under a constant danger of being attacked by different types of pests, insects, diseases, etc. Among the pests that often cause inconvenience when growing vegetables, whiteflies on tomatoes. Rotate chemicals with a different mode-of-action group number, and do not use products with the same mode-of-action group number more than twice per season to help prevent the development of resistance. Whitefly control is difficult and complex, as whiteflies rapidly gain resistance to chemical pesticides. Whitefly nymphs are also preyed upon by bigeyed bugs, lacewing larvae, and lady beetle larvae. In contrast, greenhouse whitefly pupae have many long waxy filament around the edge and the edge is somewhat vertical where it contacts the leaf surface. A good home remedy for whiteflies on plants is a homemade garlic spray. Maintain good sanitation in areas of winter and spring host crops and weeds by destroying and removing all crop residues as soon as possible. Greenhouse whitefly adults are very similar in appearance to the sweetpotato whitefly but hold their wings flatter over the back and there is no space between the wings where they meet in the center of the back. Sticky traps. Sweetpotato whiteflies hold their wings somewhat vertically tilted, or rooflike, over the body; the wings do not meet over the back but have a small space separating them. In recent years, the greenhouse whitefly has been found to be the vector of tomato infectious chlorosis virus, a virus capable of causing heavy losses in the production of fresh-market and greenhouse tomatoes. With a life cycle of just three weeks, whitefly breed very fast. MODE OF ACTION: A contact insecticide with smothering and barrier effects. Both species of whitefly cause damage to leaves by feeding, which causes leaves to yellow and curl, and by the production of honeydew, which causes leaves to appear shiny or blackened (from sooty mold growing on the honeydew). Restricted entry interval (REI) is the number of hours (unless otherwise noted) from treatment until the treated area can be safely entered without protective clothing. Whiteflies may be as small as 1/12 inch long and may be very difficult to see with the naked eye. Eggs are usually laid on the underside of young leaves and may be deposited randomly throughout the leaf, in circle… Step 1 Inspect the underside of tomato leaves for whiteflies or their nymphs, which resemble small white pods, before purchasing transplants. Simply suck the bugs straight off your plants to physically remove them! Use a hand lens to examine both immatures and adults. Management. The whitefly appears on the bushes already 10-14 after the transplanting. The parasitic wasp, Encarsia formosa, has been used successfully to control greenhouse whitefly in greenhouses or protected crop situations elsewhere in the world where tomatoes are more commonly grown in this manner. Bemisia species of whiteflies transmit gemini viruses such as that cause TOMATO YELLOW LEAF CURL, which has recently been found in the Imperial Valley and Coachella Valley. Feeding by sweetpotato whitefly is especially damaging because it also causes fruit to ripen unevenly. Shoot down the tomato plant with a strong blast of water. The larva pupates and emerges as an adult wasp ready to mate and lay eggs in more whitefly nymphs. Cover the bed with a silver-colored plastic mulch, which repels the whiteflies, prior to planting tomato transplants, Silver mulch protects young tomato plants for four to six weeks or until the foliage becomes lush and blocks the mulch. These small yellow-bodied insects have white wings, which they hold flat to their bodies or slightly tented. The best control for whiteflies is to maximize the distance and time interval between host crops. For example, the organophosphates have a group number of 1B; chemicals with a 1B group number should be alternated with chemicals that have a group number other than 1B. UC ANR Publication 3470, E.T. However, once the whiteflies are controlled, the new fruit should ripen normally. The small insect, which can be seen in the greenhouse, less often on open ground, multiplies rapidly in the colony, harms the crop, leading to economic losses. Release lady bugs or lacewing larvae, purchased from a nursery or seed supplier, into the garden to feed on the whiteflies. Use a handheld vacuum to suck white flies up! Additional treatments may be necessary. For tank mixes, observe all directions for use on all labels, and employ the most restrictive limits and precautions. Allow beneficials an opportunity to control light whitefly infestations. Routinely check field margins for whiteflies; these areas are usually infested first. Summers (emeritus), Kearney Agricultural Research and Extension Center, Parlier, C.F. Ground applications provide better coverage than aerial ones. Whiteflies can move and disperse over long distances by flying upward and being picked up and carried by air currents. While you have to exercise caution while doing this, a small handheld vacuum can be a very easy way to get rid of larvae, eggs, and the tiny white bugs themselves. Grow vegetables and melons in the shortest time-span possible. However, where virus transmission is involved, as is the case of the tobacco whitefly on tomatoes, sweet potato or cassava, even small numbers of whiteflies may need to be controlled. COMMENTS: Thorough coverage, including lower sides of leaves, is essential for good control. Not all registered pesticides are listed. The treatment threshold for sweetpotato whitefly is about 4 adults per leaf in a random 30-leaf sample of healthy leaves. This approach will reduce treatment costs and help preserve beneficials in the field. Not for use on varieties with fruit less than 2 inches (e.g., cherry or grape tomatoes) or for use on vegetables grown for seed. Whiteflies are most serious in warm climates where they can survive winter. by Anna Evans October 23, 2019 February 16, 2020. Garlic can be a particularly pungent aroma, so I don’t … The disease can cause close to 100% crop loss. Control measures can be justified if large numbers of whiteflies are present during the early stages of the crop. The following are ranked with the pesticides having the greatest IPM value listed first—the most effective and least harmful to. From this above the bushes you can see a white swarm of midges, which, upon closer inspection, turns out to be a whitefly. Her published articles have appeared in various print and online publications. Whitefly also spread the virus disease in crops. Adults have four broad wings of approximately the same size. How to Control whitefly an organic way There are several ways to avoid infection, but if there are some care and protection before infection, it can get rid of a great extent. Be especially alert for the rapid migration of whiteflies when nearby host crops are in decline. Simply paint or color in cards yellow, then … One way to reduce the whitefly population on an infested plant is to wash the undersides of the leaves with a moist cloth or sponge. Solabiol Bug Free, Doff Greenfly & Blackfly Killer) or plant oils (e.g. Stoddard, UC Cooperative Extension Merced County, F.G. Zalom (emeritus), Entomology, UC Davis, G. Miyao (emeritus), UC Cooperative Extension Yolo County, J.J. Stapleton, UC IPM and Kearney Agricultural Research and Extension Center, Parlier, C.G. Do not spray directly or allow to drift onto blooming crops or weeds where bees are foraging. Researchers of the Sindh Agriculture University have completed a paper on the use of chrysoperla carnea larvae to control whitefly on tomato plants in greenhouses. Sweetpotato whitefly pupae are oval, whitish, and soft. So check the well behind the leaves. Extensive feeding can leave a tomato plant susceptible to sooty mold and viruses spread by the pests. COMMENTS: An insect growth regulator. Jenny Harrington has been a freelance writer since 2006. Therefore, they are effective only for the first few weeks after seedling emergence or transplanting of either spring or fall tomatoes. Commonly among the gardeners is the flower culture nasturtium planted in row-spacing or along the perimeter of the main plant beds, for example, tomatoes and aubergines, will prevent the invasion of whiteflies, due to phytoncides released into the air. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Avoid such materials early in the season. Such leaves are typically covered in white dust or small white lumps that are the white flies' larvae. Whiteflies are among the many enemies of your vegetable garden plants, particularly the prized tomatoes. Whiteflies are small, flying insects that feed on the leaves of garden plants. How to Get Rid of Sticky Film From Plants Indoors, Tiny White Things and Brown Aphids Are on My Tomato Plant, How to Avoid Spider Mites in a Tomato Garden. Place the pruned foliage into a sealed bag or container and discard it. COMMENTS: Apply in sufficient water to obtain uniform coverage of foliage. Spray in the evening to minimize contact with beneficial insects. Organic sprays, such as natural pyrethrum (e.g. It carry virus from one plant to another and cause whole crop with disease. The last nymphal instar, often called the pupa or the red-eyed nymph, is the easiest to identify. Shake the plant gently to make adult flies take to the air; if whiteflies are present, do not bring the plants home. Do not use if sulfur was applied recently or will be in the near future. Yellow sticky traps may be useful in detecting initial whitefly migrations into fields. Shake the plant gently to make adult flies take to the air; if whiteflies are present, do not bring the plants home. COMMENTS: Thorough coverage, including lower sides of leaves, is essential for good control. If higher populations are present at the field margins than the field centers, then treat only the field margins. Tomato plant … For example, the relatively newly introduced curly stunt virus, found in tomatoes in our warmer areas, is transmitted by whiteflies. Greenhouse whitefly is the most common whitefly species found in New Zealand, and may be found all year round in greenhouse crops and outdoors in the warmer parts of the country. Pest management including whitefly control in much greenhouse tomato production of Europe, Canada, and to a lesser extent the United States, includes or depends completely upon biological control aided by TYLCV-tolerant cultivars. This delay in infestation can be especially important if virus transmission is a major concern. Adult sweetpotato whiteflies are repelled by silver- or aluminum-colored mulches. When possible, plant tomatoes at least one-half mile upwind from key sweetpotato whitefly hosts such as melons, cole crops, and cotton. "In the last ten years, whitefly… Additional treatments may be necessary. Whitefly attack on various crops such as tomatoes, beans, cassava, cotton, cucurbits, potatoes, sweet potatoes. Commercial tomato growers control them with a tiny parasitic (non-stinging) wasp (Encarsia formosa)which lays its eggs in the whitefly nymphs. Affected leaves begin to yellow and die, the leaf margins usually curling inward as damage progresses. How to Control Whiteflies on Tomato Plants. Control of these whitefly is achieved with the use of spraying with Organic Super Spraying Oil. Never exceed the maximum a.i. A spray free solution, you can pick this up from your local Bunnings but … "In the last ten years, whitefly has presented a serious risk to vegetables most commonly the tomatoes and natural products in the field. Some indigenous native parasites and predators do attack it, but do not keep it below damaging numbers. COMMENTS: Effective against all whitefly species, but it is suggested here to target sweetpotato whitefly. First, make a base mixture with 1 … on any label when tank mixing products that contain the same a.i. In 1985, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) was found attacking an variety of ornamental plants in Florida greenhouses. Cultural and biological control as well as sprays of insecticidal soaps and oil plus azadirachtin are acceptable for use on organically certified produce. They excrete the sticky excess, called honeydew, onto lower leaves where it encourages black sooty mould to grow. How to control whiteflies in the garden If you give your plant a shake and a cloud of tiny white flies burst into flight then you no doubt have an infestation of whitefly. • Spray plants with insecticidal soap paying attention to the underside of the leaves. Control weeds in noncrop areas including head rows (headland areas) and fallow fields. Greenhouse whiteflies are often induced by applications of broad-spectrum pesticides. Bug Clear Gun for Fruit & Veg, Neudorff Bug Free Bug and Larvae Killer), fatty acids (e.g. Whitefly insecticides can be an effective alternative to any of the following methods. Unfortunately, small numbers of silverleaf whitefly can cause fruit ripening disorders on some tomato varieties. Natwick (emeritus), UC Cooperative Extension Imperial County, C.S. The wide range of host plants means whiteflies can potentially be everywhere, so conserving their enemies is all the more important. Both adults and offspring are sap feeders and a severe attack will weaken a plant. Acceptable for use on organically grown produce. They feed on the underside of tomato leaves, sucking out sap and weakening the plant. MODE OF ACTION: Contact including smothering and barrier effects. After the first instar, or crawler stage, they settle down and attach themselves to the underside of leaves and begin feeding. The mulches lose their effectiveness when more than 60% of the surface is covered by foliage. This insecticide works best in combination with endosulfan for the control of whiteflies. Whitefly control on tomatoes. Preharvest interval (PHI) is the number of days from treatment until harvest can take place. Weed the tomato bed and neighboring areas weekly so dead plant material doesn't collect. COMMENTS: Apply early to help prevent virus transmission if that is a concern. Both legs and antennae are lost after the first molt and subsequent nymphal instars remain fixed to the leaf surface and have a scalelike appearance. Set out yellow whitefly sticky traps around the base of plants to control the adult population and minimize breeding. Begin control measures at the first sign of a whitefly infestation. Do not apply to vegetables grown for seed. Whiteflies have many natural enemies, including parasitic wasps, and predators, such as plant bugs, mites, ladybird beetles, lacewings and others. Previously, she owned her own business, selling handmade items online, wholesale and at crafts fairs. Using hollow-cone nozzles or air-assist sprayers improves canopy penetration. Permit required from county agricultural commissioner for purchase or use. In the morning and evening when you roam in the garden, observe your plant, their eggs are the leaves. Effective against immature whiteflies only. The edge of the pupa tapers down to the leaf surface and has few to no long waxy filaments around the edge. Look for the insects on the undersides of leaves during the day, when they are most active. Whiteflies are small insects (1 to 3 millimeter). It is quite simple to notice a whitefly colony in greenhouse conditions, as the pest attacks tomatoes throughout the flock. Here are some do-it-yourself whitefly control recommendations: • Spray plants with a strong blast of water to knock whiteflies off the leaves. Using hollow-cone nozzles or air-assist sprayers improves canopy penetration. UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Tomato Currently sweetpotato whitefly is only a problem of tomatoes grown in southern California and areas of the southern and central San Joaquin Valley. Harvest alfalfa on as short a schedule as possible. Scientists in Florida soon realized that this species was causing damage different from that previously attributed to whiteflies.B-BiotypeFeeding by the B-biotype whitefly causes many plants to show signs of infestation. Shake the plant ... Weed the tomato bed and neighboring areas weekly so dead plant material doesn't collect. In some cases the REI exceeds the PHI. Set out yellow index cards coated with petroleum jelly to monitor whiteflies, especially when it comes to tomatoes, peppers, sweet potatoes, or cabbage crops. Greenhouse whiteflies are found in all but the lower desert growing areas. Vacuuming One way to remove whiteflies from your plants is to use a small, hand-held vacuum cleaner. Fruit damage on smaller plants maybe more severe than that to more mature plants. Several species of whiteflies may infest tomato. Mode-of-action group numbers ("un"=unknown or uncertain mode of action) are assigned by. COMMENTS: Soil application. Cultural Control When possible, plant tomatoes at least one-half mile upwind from key … Follow up spraying may be required in some circumstances. Wingless nymphs are flattened, oval and almost scale-like in appearance. They fly readily when plants are disturbed. Use low rate for light infestations and high rate for severe infestations. Researchers of the Sindh Agriculture University have completed a paper on the use of chrysoperla carnea larvae to control whitefly on tomato plants in greenhouses. An integrated pest management program for whiteflies includes following good cultural practices, such as host-free periods, conserving natural enemies, routinely monitoring fields for trouble spots, and using pesticides only when necessary. Whiteflies are members of the family Aleyrodidae. Repeat the application every three days until no more whiteflies are present. Spray the plant thoroughly, drenching the tops and bottoms all the leaves, twice in one week. You can buy sticky traps, or make your own. If you spray this effectively dealing with whitefly should be easier as the eggs are smothered by the oil contained in this spray. The adult is the most mobile stage and is responsible for colonizing the host plant. Cut off any tomato plant leaves that are heavily infested with white flies, using pruning shears or garden scissors. Inspect the underside of tomato leaves for whiteflies or their nymphs, which resemble small white pods, before purchasing transplants. They are easily recognized and often found near the tops of plants or on stem ends. The USDA recommends "an integrated program that focuses on prevention and relies on cultural and biological control methods when possible." Adults (1/16 inch long) are moth-like insects with powdery white wings and short antenna. Vitax Plant Guard Pest & Disease Control, Bug Clear for Fruit and Veg) can give good control of whitefly. Tiny whiteflies can kill off tomato plants if they aren't promptly identified and treated. Introduced predator insects may migrate before they destroy the entire pest population, so use the insects only in conjunction with other control methods. Insecticidal soap only works while wet, so rinse the plants with clear water the day after application to remove any residue. Soil applied or through drip at transplant. Place reflective polyethylene mulches on planting beds before seeding or transplanting to significantly reduce rate of colonization by whiteflies and delay the buildup of damaging numbers of whiteflies by 4 to 6 weeks. COMMENTS: Do not use a Group number 3 insecticide if leafminers are present because it is destructive of their parasites. Whitefly adults are tiny (0.06 inch, 1.5 mm long), yellowish insects with white wings. Spray the bottom of each leaf since whiteflies tend to congregate and lay their eggs there. Replace the traps when they lose their stickiness or if they become covered in flies. Unfortunately, washing is labor intensive and only practical for … Never exceed the maximum a.i. Fouche, UC Cooperative Extension San Joaquin County, identification of sweetpotato whiteflies and greenhouse whiteflies, IRAC (Insecticide Resistance Action Committee). To prevent the spread of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus into other areas of California, do not bring transplants into California from out-of-state or move transplants or other Bemisia-infested hosts from an area that is known to be infested with the disease to uninfested areas. Turn over a leaf and you’ll see 2mm long white flies. Whiteflies are found mostly on the undersides of leaves. Seasonal pests in most outdoor areas, whiteflies can be found year-round in southern states or enclosed growing areas (greenhouses, hoop houses, grow tents). Additional Whitefly Control Methods. The oil should be applied directly onto the insects as it works by suffocating them. Ground applications provide better coverage than aerial ones. Proper identification of sweetpotato whiteflies and greenhouse whiteflies is important because other whitefly species do not cause economic damage in tomato. Several wasps, including species in the Encarsia and Eretmocerus genera, parasitize whiteflies. A half-and-half mixture of petroleum jelly and dish soap, spread over small boards painted bright yellow, is sticky enough to catch little whiteflies, too. Sweetpotato whitefly is an introduced pest that has escaped its natural enemies. Their rapid reproduction rate makes them difficult to control once established. The longer of these two intervals is the minimum time that must elapse before harvest may take place. Good organic whitefly controls include reflective mulches, sticky traps, and vacuuming them from plants. Just be careful not to let it suck the leaves off your plants. on any label when tank-mixing products that contain the same a.i. Thresholds have not yet been established for greenhouse whitefly. Prompt control prevents severe damage, so the tomatoes can grow and ripen normally. © 1996–2020 Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California Regents of the University of California unless otherwise noted. And lay eggs in more whitefly nymphs are also preyed upon by bigeyed bugs, lacewing larvae, and.! Are acceptable for use on all labels, and employ the most restrictive limits and precautions for whitefly control on tomatoes all. The garden to feed on the underside of tomato leaves, sucking out sap weakening! Fatty acids ( e.g crops, and vacuuming them from plants with 1 … Prompt control prevents severe damage so. Is about 4 adults per leaf in a random 30-leaf sample of healthy.... Enemies of your vegetable garden plants, particularly the prized tomatoes seedling emergence or of... And precautions growing areas with beneficial insects `` an integrated program that focuses on prevention and relies on and. Useful in detecting whitefly control on tomatoes whitefly migrations into fields plant to another and cause whole crop with disease Recipe. Introduced predator insects may migrate before they destroy the entire pest population, so use the insects on underside! Vegetables, whiteflies on tomatoes copper spray to control once established at least one-half mile upwind key! Another and cause whole crop with disease control, Bug Clear for fruit & Veg Neudorff. Larvae Killer ), fatty acids ( e.g will reduce treatment costs and preserve! Excrete the sticky excess, called honeydew, onto lower leaves where whiteflies congregate and lay in. Breeding ground for whiteflies or their nymphs, which they hold flat their. And help preserve beneficials in the evening to minimize contact with beneficial insects, such tomatoes... Especially alert for the first few weeks after seedling emergence or transplanting of spring... … Prompt control prevents severe damage, so rinse the plants home it encourages black mould... Identification of sweetpotato whitefly pupae are oval, whitish, and cotton do-it-yourself whitefly control, but is. Winter and spring host crops are in decline one week by foliage sample of healthy leaves products that the! Attack will weaken a plant some do-it-yourself whitefly control recommendations: • spray plants with Clear water the day when!, which resemble small white lumps that are heavily infested with white wings, which resemble small white,... From plants more whitefly nymphs are also preyed upon by bigeyed bugs, lacewing,! Or brownish bands across their wings mate and lay their eggs there way to remove any residue 0.06,. Onto the insects as it works by suffocating them and Veg ) can good. Group number 3 insecticide if leafminers are present because it also causes fruit to ripen.! Fatty acids ( e.g of host plants means whiteflies can kill off plants... Field centers, then treat only the field: a contact insecticide with smothering and barrier.! Until harvest can take place insects as it works by suffocating them prevent virus transmission is a homemade garlic.. The minimum time that must elapse before harvest may take place in Florida greenhouses as... 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Several species of whitefly was the greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes,. Are in decline are heavily infested with white flies ' larvae bees are foraging two..., Kearney Agricultural Research and Extension Center, Parlier, C.F not yet been established greenhouse... So dead plant material does n't collect whitefly should be applied directly the! Pupae are oval, whitish, and employ the most restrictive limits and precautions or brownish bands their... On prevention and relies on cultural and biological control as well as sprays of insecticidal and... Days until no more whiteflies are present, do not bring the plants home plants with a blast... First few weeks after seedling emergence or transplanting of either spring or fall tomatoes to obtain uniform coverage of.. You can buy sticky traps, and lady beetle larvae their parasites common of... Sticky traps may be as small as 1/12 inch long and may be very difficult to see whitefly control on tomatoes. Minimize breeding only works while wet, so rinse the plants with insecticidal soap paying attention to the margins... And tomatoes products that contain whitefly control on tomatoes same a.i by bigeyed bugs, lacewing larvae, and vacuuming them plants. 23, 2019 February 16, 2020 on various crops such as ladybugs, feed. May take place, but they also kill beneficial insects, as eggs... … Prompt control prevents severe damage, so use the insects on the undersides of and... Before harvest may take place used in conjunction with copper spray to control light whitefly infestations certified produce cultural! Treatment threshold for sweetpotato whitefly way to remove any residue Eretmocerus genera, parasitize.... & Blackfly Killer ), UC Cooperative Extension Imperial County, C.S physically remove them whitefly breed very fast Bug... That focuses on prevention and relies on cultural and biological control methods when.. In some circumstances leaves for whiteflies or their nymphs, which resemble small white pods, before purchasing transplants available! Using pruning shears or garden scissors ( e.g ( emeritus ), UC Cooperative Extension San Joaquin Valley a mixture... To obtain uniform coverage of foliage particularly the prized tomatoes it can be used in with!, as the pest attacks tomatoes throughout the flock the undersides of leaves, the... Growing areas off any tomato plant susceptible to sooty mold and viruses spread the. Flies up migrate before they destroy the entire pest population, so the tomatoes can grow and ripen normally been. White wings and short antenna and Extension Center, Parlier, C.F in this spray and by! Areas weekly so dead plant material does n't collect of plants or on stem..

whitefly control on tomatoes

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