Paris is the capital. Spain covers 195,124 square miles with a population of 48,958,159. Its population is 416,338, and the capital is Valletta. Its capital is Algiers. As a region it is undergoing considerable economic change on the Southern European flank and also in North Africa and the Eastern Mediterranean Arab states. It has a varied and contrasting topography. Populations listed are from mid-2017. The Mediterranean Region offers an ever-changing landscape of high mountains, rocky shores, impenetrable scrub, semi-arid steppes, coastal wetlands, sandy beaches and a myriad islands of various shapes and sizes dotted amidst the clear blue sea. To the south of the Mediterranean, there are nine African countries along the coastline of the body of water. It includes high mountains and rocky shores, thick scrub and semi-arid steppes, coastal wetlands and sandy beaches as well as a myriad of islands dotte… Malta, 15. Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean Monazamet El Seha El Alamia Str, Extension of Abdel Razak El Sanhouri Street P.O. Israel has 8,019 square miles of territory with a population of 8,299,706. The country is full of water sources galore, making the name Bosnia more fitting than you might think at first glance. Algeria covers 919,595 square miles and has a population of 40,969,443. Albania, 2. The EBRD is actively developing open and sustainable market economies and boosting growth in Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia, Lebanon and the West Bank and Gaza.Its focus has been on making the economies of the southern and eastern Mediterranean region more competitive and resilient, fostering expansion of the private sector and promoting policy dialogue. With these two values in mind, the population density of Tunisia comes out to about 196 people per square mile of land. The country of Bosnia and Herzegovina has a population size of roughly 3,502,174 people. The population of Montenegro registers as being people as of 2019. Geological evidence indicates that around 5.9 million years ago, the Mediterranean was cut off from the Atlantic and was partly or completely Greece, 22. The climate is characterised by hot dry summers and humid, cool winters. Its total area is 970,000 square miles, and its greatest depth is off the coast of Greece, where it is 16,800 feet deep. The smallest nation bordering the Mediterranean is the city-state of Monaco, which is just 0.77 square miles and has a population of 30,645. Health economics; WHO-CHOICE. Behind this regional average, there are important differences in the f EF C of individual Mediterranean countries (see Fig. The country’s total area is a grand sum of four square miles. The capital is Cairo. Mediterranean Sea, an intercontinental sea that stretches from the Atlantic Ocean on the west to Asia on the east and separates Europe from Africa. The Mediterranean Sea is a large body of water with Europe to the north, northern Africa to the south, and southwestern Asia to the east. Syria, 18. Water scarcity and related insecurity in the region have been drivers of forced migrations, instability, and conflict. By taking Montenegro's population and dividing it by the total area of the country, we find that Montenegro has a population density of 121 people. Monaco, 16. Bosnia is a rendition of Bosana, which is a European word for water. From the region, only Israel and Tunisia are evaluated as free democracies. 1. At just 122 square miles, Malta is the second-smallest nation bordering the Meditteranean Sea. The Union for the Mediterranean, founded 25 years ago, brings together 42 countries, including the entire EU, to cooperate on economic, social and climate issues. Naval vessels from both countries made a show of force in the contested region of the Eastern Mediterranean this week as a race for gas and oil reserves adds a … Europe has the most nations with coastlines along the Mediterranean Sea with 12. Mediterranean Climates and Gardens . The more you know! The country of Tunisia is an African country that is situated between Algeria and Libya. Algeria, 5. The Mediterranean Region are the coastal areas around the Mediterranean Sea. Croatia, 8. The Mediterranean region is now of increasing importance both economically and strategically. Morocco, 6. The Barcelona Declaration agreed at this meeting laid down the foundations of a new regional relationship, aiming at achieving peace, stability and growth in the Mediterranean Partner Countries. Its population is 4,292,095. Even though there are more than five million people who reside in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the country's population is still less than 1% of the total number of people on Earth. There are a grand total of twenty-three countries that make up the region of the Mediterranean. Native to the Mediterranean region, Convolvulus sabatius (Bindweed or Ground Morning Glory) is a luscious, trailing, woody-based perennial noted for its endless production of widely funnel-shaped, lavender-blue flowers, 1-2 in. The Mediterranean Sea: Countries and Islands - Map Quiz Game: The countries that surround the Mediterranean Sea and the islands that dot its waters are a fascinatingly diverse collection. The African country of Tunisia has a population of roughly 11,754,806 people, and the country is made up of 59,985 square miles of land for its residents to share. Rabat is its capital. Out of the total sample of cases in the Euro-Mediterranean region, the ranking of Freedom House in terms of quality of democracy differ greatly4. Bosnia and Herzegovina, 3. Egypt and Slovenia, in contrast, have per capita f EF C levels that are just over half that of Portugal with 0.64 gha and 0.63 gha, respectively. Nearly half of the Mediterranean region’s agricultural production value comes from four crops: grapes (14 percent), wheat, tomatoes, and olives (9 percent each) (Exhibit 2). There are literally only four square miles of room for all 34,846 people, and counting, to share between themselves. Albania is 11,099 square miles in area with a population of 3,047,987. The Mediterranean is at the crossroads of three continents: Europe, Africa, and Asia. Bosnia and Herzegovina, formerly part of Yugoslavia, covers an area of 19,767 square miles. This climate has a profound influence on the vegetation and wildlife of the region. Mediterranean Regional Policy Foreign Policy. Italy Bosnia and Herzegovina is comprised of two separate areas that are considered to officially make up one country. Tunisia, 19. Its population is 1,221,549, and its capital is Nicosia. across (2-5 cm), throughout the year in mild winter areas, from early summer to early fall elsewhere. 1): Portugal has by far the largest per capita f EF C in the region at 1.5 gha, followed by Malta (1.2 gha) and Greece (1.2 gha). Box 7608 By taking the population and dividing it by the total area, the population density of Gibraltar amounts to approximately 9,034 people per square mile of land. Syria covers 714,498 square miles with Damascus as its capital. Ideally, if you live in a region with a Mediterranean or subtropical climate, you can grow many of the plants native to these regions. Turkey, 20. Lebanon has a population of 6,229,794 squeezed into 4,015 square miles. France has an area of 248,573 square miles and a population of 67,106,161. Israel, 24. In 2007, the estimated number of tuberculosis cases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region was 772 039. This quiz game will help you explore all the countries and islands that share the Mediterranean Sea. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The Mediterranean is a sea located near Europe.There are a grand total of twenty-three countries that make up the region of the Mediterranean. Lebanon, 13. Slovenia, 17. As a country that makes up 0.05% of the world's population, Bosnia and Herzegovina is made up of 19,691 square miles. The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant. The country is ranked as number 168 on a list of countries around the world in descending order of population size. With a population of just about 6,072,071 people, Lebanon is the 112th largest country, looking solely at population size across the board. Egypt, 14. The country has a population of 80,845,215. The Mediterranean Sea itself stretches for a total length of approximately 2,500 miles. The Mediterranean Sea is actually the dividing factor between the northern border of Africa and the southernmost countries of Europe. It is also home to around 480 million people living across three continents: Africa, Asia and Europe. Countries in Eastern Mediterranean region Afghanistan Because of the Mediterranean's size and central location, it borders 21 countries on three continents. The capital city of Lebanon is a place called Beirut, which is one of the biggest hot spots for tourism across the board. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, The 7 Continents Ranked by Size and Population, Most Important Things to Know About the Country of Georgia, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento, Gibraltar (British territory on Spain's Iberian Peninsula), Ceuta and Melilla (two autonomous Spanish cities on the northern African coast), Mount Athos (autonomous part of the Greek Republic), Akrotiri and Dhekelia (British territory on Cyprus), The Gaza Strip (Palestinian National Authority). The narrow Strait of Gibraltar to the west is the only outlet to the Atlantic Ocean. The Mediterranean country of Gibraltar has a demographic with statistics that will shock you like no other. Italy's population is 62,137,802. Twelve countries, out of a total of 22 in the Region, contributed to 99% of the cases, while Pakistan alone harboured half of the total cases. It was the EU's first comprehensive policy for the region. Although the sea is sometimes considered a part of the Atlantic Ocean, it is usually referred to as a separate body of water. Montenegro, 9. The Mediterranean is a sea located near Europe. Mediterranean climates are conducive to outdoor living since residents enjoy longer periods of warm weather and infrequent rainfall. Slovenia, another part of the former Yugoslavia, calls Ljubljana its capital. With its capital in Rome, the country has 116,348 square miles of territory. MEP and IEMed hosted a discussion of the 2016 edition of the IEMed Mediterranean Yearbook, which every year offers the key elements for better understanding the complex situation within the Mediterranean region through the analysis of more than 60 authors. Natura 2000 in the Mediterranean Region 3 The Mediterranean basin stretches c.3,800 km east to west from the tip of Portugal to the shores of Lebanon and c.1,000 km north to south from Italy to Morocco and Libya. Several ancient civilizations were located around its shores; thus it has had a major influence on those cultures. In addition to 21 sovereign countries, several territories also have Mediterranean coastlines: Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. Cyprus, 10. 9 out of 10 Countries To Visit in Mediterranean Region Italy is a country situated in Europe with 20 regions, each having its own glorious history, culture and traditions. These regions have a climate similar to that of the Mediterranean area, which is characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Albania (68/100), Bosnia and Herzegovina (55/100), Lebanon (43/100), Morocco Libya, 12. In Lebanon, the architecture scene is worth experiencing in person at least once in your life. Generalized Cost-Effectiveness Analysis; WHO-CHOICE methods Its total area is 970,000 square miles, and its greatest depth is off the coast of Greece, where it is 16,800 feet deep. Greece covers 50,949 square miles and has as its capital the ancient city of Athens. Called the Heart-Shaped Land, Bosnia and Herzegovina is quite literally shaped like a geometrical heart. It is also very capricious with sudden heavy rain or bouts of high winds such as the Sirocco and Mistral. The northernmost point of the Mediterranean is the innermost inlet of Croatia, while the southernmost point of the region is the inland region of Libya that just barely touches the coast of the Gulf of Sidra. The country covers 172,414 square miles. Its capital is Podgorica, it has an area of 5,333 square miles, and its population is 642,550. In the Mediterranean region, the main goal would be to tackle water management by focusing on strengthening collaboration and integration between the different basin countries. Select the following bars to learn more about the countries in the region, key contacts, and regional co-chairs. Montenegro, another country that was part of Yugoslavia, also borders the sea. It has often been called the incubator of Western civilization. Its population is 3,856,181, and its capital is Sarajevo. General information. The Mediterranean Sea region — the largest of the semi-enclosed European seas — is surrounded by 22 countries, which together share a coastline of 46 000 km. Spain, 23. Turkey, with 302,535 square miles of territory, is in both Europe and Asia, but 95 percent of its land mass is in Asia, as is its capital, Ankara. This population size ranks Bosnia and Herzegovina as the 135th largest country around the world. The capital is Tirana. Malta, an island country, is near Tunisia as well. The overall level of diversity in Tunisia is rather high as a result of the country's historical experiences. France, 7. Greece is an intrinsic part of the Mediterranean and since ancient times has maintained strong and unbroken bonds with the peoples and countries of the region. Of the last three, Mediterranean countries produce about 90 percent of the total global supply. The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the two entities, as they are called, and the Republic of Srpska is the other one. In 2007, coverage of DOTS (the basic package of services Morocco's population is 33,986,655. It is the place where the Renaissance started and the place which gave the world Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Marco Polo and Christopher Columbus. From there, it’s possible to calculate the population density of Gibraltar. Its population is 18,028,549, down from a high of 21,018,834 in 2010 due at least in part to a longstanding civil war. The Mediterranean Sea was an important route for merchants and travelers during ancient times as it allowed for trade and cultural exchange between emergent peoples of the region. Southern part of Portugal, Mediterranean areas of Spain and France, almost the entire Italy and the whole extension of Slovenia, Croatia, Greece, Malta and Cyprus, as well as the UK territory of Gibraltar and Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Montenegro. Within the European Union, the Mediterranean Region encompasses seven Member States either partially (France, Libya has a population of 6,653,210 spread over 679,362 square miles, but about a sixth of its residents are centered in the capital of Tripoli, the nation's most populous city. From mosques and synagogues, to churches and prayer centers, the religious diversity of the country heavily influences the buildings scattered throughout the country. Taking the country's total area into the equation, Lebanon has over six million people living within the boundaries of 3,950 square miles, meaning that the ratio of people to square mileage is 1,536 to one. Its capital is Madrid. There's an abundance of different cultures that call Tunisia their home, which is excellent because it means you get to see an array of cultures, foods, and ways of living, if you ever visit Tunisia. Gibraltar, 4. North Cyprus Turkish Republic, 11. Egypt is mostly in Africa, but its Sinai Peninsula is in Asia. This means that for every square mile of area in the country, there is a ratio of 121 people per square mile. In addition, “the vast majority of cultural heritage sites are coastal and on a low elevation,” Guerquin points out in the report, as the region is also the world’s leading tourist destination. Croatia, also formerly part of Yugoslavia, has 21,851 square miles of territory with its capital at Zagreb. The region is characterized by the prevailing subtropical climate known as the Mediterranean climate, with … Gibraltar definitely has one of the most shocking people-to-land ratios. The country has a population of just under 35,000 people, with the most recent headcount accounting for 34,846 people. The region is referred to as the Mediterranean because it is a word that means the sea between the lands, which is exactly what the Mediterranean Sea is, quite literally. The country's population is 10,768,477. Its capital is Beirut. It claims Jerusalem as its capital, although most of the world fails to recognize it as such. The Mediterranean Sea is a large body of water with Europe to the north, northern Africa to the south, and southwestern Asia to the east. Mediterranean vegetation, any scrubby, dense vegetation composed of broad-leaved evergreen shrubs, bushes, and small trees usually less than 2.5 m (about 8 feet) tall and growing in regions lying between 30° and 40° north and south latitudes. For a region that takes its name from the sea it surrounds, the Mediterranean is surprisingly hilly. The country is 386,662 square miles in area with a population of 97,041,072. The country has 7,827 square miles and a population of 1,972,126. With a total area of 629,324 5,193 square miles, Montenegro is a country with only 0.01% of the global population within its physical boundaries. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. To the south of the Mediterranean, there are nine African countries along the coastline of the body of water. Tunisia, whose capital is Tunis, is the smallest African nation along the Mediterranean, with just 63,170 square miles of territory and a population of 11,403,800. Gibraltar has the 217th largest population of all countries in the world. The Mediterranean basin covers portions of three continents: Europe, Africa, and Asia. Vatican City, 21. This climate's namesake indicates that it would be found in Rising sea levels would impact a third of the population of the approximately 510 million people living in countries on the Mediterranean region. For every square mile of land, there are about 178 people. The Mediterranean Sea is actually the dividing factor between the northern border of Africa and the southernmost countries of Europe. Cost effectiveness and strategic planning (WHO-CHOICE) Menu. The narrow Strait of Gibraltar to the west is the only outlet to the Atlantic Ocean. The government of Lebanon is a parliamentary power. Cyprus is a 3,572-square-mile island nation surrounded by the Mediterranean. The religious population of Tunisia is comprised of primarily Jews, Muslims, and Christians. Across from Tunisia on the other side of the Mediterranean Sea lies the European country of Italy. 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2020 mediterranean region countries